Diabetes is a medical condition that drastically impairs the body’s ability to utilize blood glucose (sugar). It could be due to the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin (Type 1) or the inability of the body to properly utilize insulin (Type 2). There is also an entity known as pre-diabetes or borderline diabetes in which the blood glucose is higher than normal but not in the diabetes range. People in this group have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
WHAT CAUSES DIABETES
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas which enables the body cells to utilize glucose which is a major source of energy for the body. Anything that affects the ability of the pancreas to produce insulin or the body’s ability to utilize it leads to diabetes mellitus.
TYPES OF DIABETES
There are two major types:
◼TYPE 1: Occurs when the immune system attacks the pancreas, destroying its ability to produce insulin.
◼TYPE 2: Occurs when the body cells no longer respond adequately to insulin.
There is also GESTATIONAL DIABETES in which hormones produced by the pancreas during pregnancy reduces the body’s sensitivity to insulin. This usually resolves after pregnancy.
WHO IS LIKELY TO HAVE DIABETES
Diabetes is more likely to occur in people who are inactive, obese, or have a family history. It is also common in black women and those with a history of gestational diabetes.
SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS.
- These may include:
- Excessive thirst and hunger,
- Frequent urination,
- Weight loss,
- Blurred vision,
- Erectile dysfunction (in men),
- Recurrent yeast infection,
- Numbness in the extremities,
- High blood pressure,
- Renal impairment
COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES
These may arise as a result of damage to small blood vessels (microvascular) or damage to large vessels (macrovascular).
MICROVASCULAR include eye damage which could lead to blindness, kidney damage with possible renal failure, decreased nerve conduction leading to impotence and foot ulcers.
MACROVASCULAR could be cardiovascular leading to heart attacks and stroke, and decreased blood flow to the legs.
TREATMENT OF DIABETES
Management of diabetes is influenced by the type, cause and/ or the presence of complications. If you experience any of the symptoms or suspect you have diabetes, please see a doctor for proper evaluation as the outcome of treatment is better when started early.
OTHER THINGS THAT MIGHT HELP
Nutritional supplements have great benefits for type 1 and type 2 diabetes when chosen and used properly. Below are a few suggestions:
- Fields of Green/Forever Daily – Supplies chromium piconilate that improves insulin efficiency.
- Aloe Vera Gel – Helps to supply Fiber, Vitamins, Miinerals and help to boost energy.
- Garcinia plus/ Forever Lean – Both are natural sources of chromium and also help with metabolism.
- Nature Min – Supplies minerals and maintains the mineral balance of the body.
- Ginkgo plus – Good for healthy blood circulation to the extremity.
- Ginchia – Stimulates insulin production.
- Blossom Herbal Tea – Good for weight management and has a calming effect on the body.